What a long, bizarre outing it’s been.
From a initial recover to today, Android has remade visually, conceptually and functionally — time and time again. Google’s mobile handling complement might have started out scrappy, yet holy moly, has it ever evolved.
Here’s a fast-paced debate of Android chronicle highlights from a platform’s birth to present.
Android versions 1.0 to 1.1: The early days
Android done a central open entrance in 2008 with Android 1.0 — a recover so ancient it didn’t even have a lovable codename.
Things were flattering simple behind then, yet a program did embody a apartment of early Google apps like Gmail, Maps, Calendar and YouTube, all of that were integrated into a handling complement — a sheer contrariety to a more simply updatable standalone-app model employed today.
Android chronicle 1.5: Cupcake
With early 2009’s Android 1.5 Cupcake release, a tradition of Android chronicle names was born. Cupcake introduced countless refinements to a Android interface, including a initial on-screen keyboard — something that’d be required as phones altered divided from a once-ubiquitous earthy keyboard model.
Cupcake also brought about a horizon for third-party app widgets, that would fast spin into one of Android’s many specifying elements, and it supposing a platform’s first-ever choice for video recording.
Android chronicle 1.6: Donut
Android 1.6, Donut, rolled into a universe in a tumble of 2009. Donut filled in some vicious holes in Android’s center, including a ability for a OS to work on a accumulation of opposite shade sizes and resolutions — a cause that’d be vicious in a years to come. It also combined support for CDMA networks like Verizon, that would play a pivotal purpose in Android’s approaching explosion.
Android versions 2.0 to 2.1: Eclair
Keeping adult a breakneck recover gait of Android’s early years, Android 2.0 Eclair, emerged usually 6 weeks after Donut; a “point-one” update, also called Eclair, came out a integrate months later. Eclair was a initial Android recover to enter mainstream alertness interjection to the strange Motorola Droid phone and a large Verizon-led selling debate surrounding it.
The release’s many transformative member was a serve of voice-guided turn-by-turn navigation and real-time trade info — something formerly unheard of (and still radically unmatched) in a smartphone world. Navigation aside, Eclair brought live wallpapers to Android as good as a platform’s initial speech-to-text function. And it done waves for injecting a once-iOS-exclusive pinch-to-zoom capability into Android — a pierce mostly seen as a hint that lighted Apple’s long-lasting “thermonuclear war” opposite Google.
Android chronicle 2.2: Froyo
Just 4 months after Android 2.1 arrived, Google served adult Android 2.2, Froyo, that revolved mostly around under-the-hood opening improvements.
Froyo did broach some vicious front-facing features, though, including a serve of a now-standard wharf during a bottom of a home shade as good as a initial incarnation of Voice Actions, that authorised we to perform simple functions like removing directions and creation records by drumming an idol and afterwards vocalization a command.
Notably, Froyo also brought support for Flash to Android’s web browser — an choice that was poignant both given of a widespread use of Flash during a time and given of Apple’s austere position opposite ancillary it on a possess mobile devices. Apple would eventually win, of course, and Flash would turn distant reduction common. But behind when it was still everywhere, being means to entrance a full web yet any black holes was a genuine advantage usually Android could offer.
Android chronicle 2.3: Gingerbread
Android’s initial loyal visible temperament started entrance into concentration with 2010’s Gingerbread release. Bright immature had prolonged been a tone of Android’s drudge mascot, and with Gingerbread, it became an constituent partial of a handling system’s appearance. Black and immature seeped all over a UI as Android started a delayed impetus toward particular design.
Android 3.0 to 3.2: Honeycomb
2011’s Honeycomb duration was a uncanny time for Android. Android 3.0 came into a universe as a tablet-only recover to accompany a launch of a Motorola Xoom, and by a successive 3.1 and 3.2 updates, it remained a tablet-exclusive (and closed-source) entity.
Under a superintendence of newly arrived settlement arch Matias Duarte, Honeycomb introduced a dramatically reimagined UI for Android. It had a space-like “holographic” settlement that traded a platform’s heading immature for blue and placed an importance on creation a many of a tablet’s shade space.
While a judgment of a tablet-specific interface didn’t final long, many of Honeycomb’s ideas laid a grounds for a Android we know today. The program was a initial to use on-screen buttons for Android’s categorical maritime commands; it noted the commencement of a end for a permanent overflow-menu button; and it introduced a judgment of a card-like UI with a take on a Recent Apps list.
Android chronicle 4.0: Ice Cream Sandwich
With Honeycomb behaving as a overpass from aged to new, Ice Cream Sandwich — also expelled in 2011 — served as a platform’s central entrance into a epoch of complicated design. The recover polished a visible concepts introduced with Honeycomb and reunited tablets and phones with a single, one UI vision.
ICS forsaken many of Honeycomb’s “holographic” entrance yet kept a use of blue as a system-wide highlight. And it carried over core complement elements like on-screen buttons and a card-like entrance for app-switching.
Android 4.0 also done swiping a some-more constituent routine of removing around a handling system, with a then-revolutionary-feeling ability to appropriate divided things like notifications and new apps. And it started a delayed routine of bringing a standardised settlement horizon — known as “Holo” — all around a OS and into Android’s app ecosystem.
Android versions 4.1 to 4.3: Jelly Bean
Spread opposite 3 impactful Android versions, 2012 and 2013’s Jelly Bean releases took ICS’s uninformed substructure and done suggestive strides in fine-tuning and building on it. The releases combined plenty of intrepidity and polish into a handling complement and went a prolonged approach in creation Android some-more mouth-watering for a normal user.
Visuals aside, Jelly Bean brought about a initial ambience of Google Now — a fantastic predictive-intelligence application that’s sadly given devolved into a saved news feed. It gave us expandable and interactive notifications, an stretched voice hunt complement and a some-more modernized complement for displaying hunt formula in general, with a concentration on card-based formula that attempted to answer questions directly.
Multiuser support also came into play, despite on tablets usually during this point, and an early chronicle of Android’s Quick Settings row done a initial appearance. Jelly Bean ushered in a heavily hyped complement for placing widgets on your close screen, too — one that, like so many Android facilities over a years, sensitively left a integrate years later.
Android chronicle 4.4: KitKat
Late-2013’s KitKat recover noted a finish of Android’s dim era, as a blacks of Gingerbread and a blues of Honeycomb finally done their approach out of a handling system. Lighter backgrounds and some-more neutral highlights took their places, with a pure standing bar and white icons giving a OS a some-more contemporary appearance.
Android 4.4 also saw a initial chronicle of “OK, Google” support — yet in KitKat, a hands-free activation prompt worked usually when your shade was already on and we were possibly during your home shade or inside a Google app.
The recover was Google’s initial incursion into claiming a full row of a home shade for a services, too — during least, for users of a possess Nexus phones and those who chose to download a first-ever standalone launcher.
Android versions 5.0 and 5.1: Lollipop
Google radically reinvented Android — again — with a Android 5.0 Lollipop release in a tumble of 2014. Lollipop launched a still-present-today Material Design standard, that brought a whole new demeanour that extended opposite all of Android, a apps and even other Google products.
The card-based judgment that had been sparse around Android became a core UI settlement — one that would beam a entrance of all from notifications, that now showed adult on a close shade for at-a-glance access, to a Recent Apps list, that took on an unabashedly card-based appearance.
Lollipop introduced a slew of new facilities into Android, including truly hands-free voice control around a “OK, Google” command, support for mixed users on phones and a priority mode for improved presentation management. It altered so much, unfortunately, that it also introduced a garland of discouraging bugs, many of that wouldn’t be entirely ironed out until a following year’s 5.1 release.
Android chronicle 6.0: Marshmallow
In a grand intrigue of things, 2015’s Marshmallow was a sincerely teenager Android recover — one that seemed more like a 0.1-level update than anything honourable of a full series bump. But it started a trend of Google releasing one vital Android chronicle per year and that chronicle always receiving a possess whole number.
Marshmallow’s many attention-grabbing member was a screen-search underline called Now On Tap — something that, as we pronounced during a time, had tons of intensity that wasn’t entirely tapped. Google never utterly polished a complement and finished adult sensitively timid a code and relocating it out of a forefront a following year.
Android 6.0 did deliver some things with durability impact, though, including some-more granular app permissions, support for fingerprint readers and support for USB-C.
Android versions 7.0 and 7.1: Nougat
Google’s 2016 Android Nougat releases supposing Android with a local split-screen mode, a new bundled-by-app complement for organizing notifications and a Data Saver feature. Nougat combined some smaller yet still poignant features, too, like an Alt-Tab-like shortcut for gnawing between apps.
Perhaps many pivotal among Nougat’s enhancements, however, was a launch of a Google Assistant — that came alongside a proclamation of Google’s initial entirely self-made phone, a Pixel, about dual months after Nougat’s debut. The Assistant would go on to turn a vicious member of Android and many other Google products and is arguably a company’s foremost bid today.
Android chronicle 8.0: Oreo
And that brings us to 2017 and a stream Android 8.0 Oreo release. Oreo — still barely a blip on a radar outward of Google’s possess phones — adds a accumulation of niceties to a platform, including a local picture-in-picture mode, a notification snoozing choice and presentation channels that offer excellent control over how apps can warning you.
Oreo also includes some notable elements that serve Google’s idea of aligning Android and Chrome OS and improving a knowledge of regulating Android apps on Chromebooks — something expected to be an increasingly vicious focus in a months and years ahead.